Lichi or litchi fruits are a popular tropical natural bounty that adds a delightful flavor to a variety of pastries and desserts while also providing a number of health advantages. These benefits include improved immunity, weight loss, improved digestion, improved skin texture, hydration, and relief from mental stress, tension, and anxiety.
Verity of Tezpur Litchi
In view of the unique characteristics of litchi, litchi gardening is being done in Tezpur. Some popular varieties of Tezpur litchi.
Assam’s Tezpur Litchi has been given geographical indication (GI) tags, which serve as irrefutable confirmation of their origins in the state and protect them from being produced elsewhere. Litchis from Tezpur are prized for their high quality, pleasant flavor, and juicy pulp with vibrant red color.
Bombay, Bilati, Shahi, Elaichi, Piyaji, and China are some of the prominent Litchi tree varieties growing in Tezpur, and they all have good features. Apart from that, Assam’s agro-climatic conditions make it an ideal location for litchi tree production.
Climate and Soil
It grows best in a damp environment with enough rain and no frost. At 30 degrees Celsius, the plant blooms profusely. During flowering and fruit growth, the maximum temperature ranges from 21 degrees Celsius in February to 38 degrees Celsius in June. Another crucial component for Litchi is humidity. Summer’s dry, hot breezes force fruit to fracture, resulting in pulp damage.
Litchi grows in a range of soil types, but it thrives in a fairly deep, well-drained loam with plenty of organic matter. Litchi cultivation requires a sandy or clay loam with a pH of 5.5 to 7.0 and suitable soil depth.
Litchi prefers wet springs, dry summers, and mild winters for fruiting.
However, the state has yet to begin large-scale commercialization.
The trees begin to flower in February and are harvested in the months of June and July.
The bearing habits of trees differ depending on the variety. Tezpurlitchi is exported to Bombay, Delhi, Kolkata, Rajasthan, and the United States. Tezpur Litchi is distinguished by its pleasant flavor, juicy pulp (aril) of attractive color, It has a small seed and a tight pulp that separates it from other litchi types grown in the country, so Tezpur litchi earning the coveted Geographical Indication (GI) in 2015.
Tezpur Litchi Gets GI Tag
Despite the fact that the litchis name has been on the GI tag list since 2015, the Agriculture and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) has announced that the Tezpur Litchi from Assam has been given the GI tag. On August 28, 2013, North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation Ltd submitted an application for GI tagging. (NERAMAC).
Tezpur Litchi Cropping Time
The litchi bears fruit 5-6 years after planting, with flowering occurring between February and March and harvest occurring between May and June.
Before planting, the land should be cleaned and levelled, and one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter-by-one-meter These are left open for 15-20 days before being refilled with a blend of well-rotted FYM/Vermicompost and leaf mould. In the pit, a mixture of FYM/Vermicompost (20-25 Kg) and 400-gram MOP is also recommended to be mixed with a basket full of soil. To set the mixture with the dirt, the pits are watered. After a week, the planting is completed. Water is sprayed on the plants right after they are planted.
Litchi trees are often planted in a 10-meter square system. This distance can be cut in half, to 7.5 meters. Healthy 6-9 month old, true to type plants with fine roots should be chosen for quick establishment and lower mortality. The land should not be allowed to dry fully after planting, therefore new plantations are best done in the early monsoon. Planting can also be done in the spring, although it is not recommended when the weather is too dry or too rainy.